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Achievement Charles Babbage designs the Difference Engine but the machine will never be realized. He also start plans for the Analytical engine. But it will be his son that realizes the project in part. Biography Charles Babbage was born in London on December 26, 1792 (3), the son of Benjamin Babbage, a London banker. As a youth Babbage was his own instructor in algebra, of which he was passionately fond, and was wellread in the continental mathematics of his day. Upon entering Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1811, he found himself far in advance of his tutors in mathematics. With Herschel, Peacock, and others, Babbage founded the Analytical Society for promoting continental mathematics and, reforming the mathematics of Newton, then taught at the university. In his twenties Babbage worked as a mathematician, principally in the calculus of functions. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, in 1816, and played a prominent part in the foundation of the Astronomical Society (later Royal Astronomical Society) in 1820. It was about this time that Babbage first acquired the interest in calculating machinery that became his consuming passion for the remainder of his life. Throughout his life Babbage worked in many intellectual fields typical of his day, and made contributions that would have assured his fame irrespective of the Difference and Analytical Engines. Prominent among his published works are:
Babbage occupied the Lucasian chair of mathematics at Cambridge from 1828 to 1839. He played an important role in the establishment of the Association for the Advancement of Science and the Statistical Society (later Royal Statistical Society). Despite his many achievements, the failure to construct his calculating machines, and in particular the failure of the government to support his work, left Babbage in his declining years a disappointed and embittered man. He died at his home in Dorset Street, London, on October 18, 1871.
Chronology 1792 Born in Teignmoth, Devonshire, UK 1810 Starts mathematical studies in Trinity College Cambridge 1814 Married Georgiana Withmore, they will have 3 sons and 1 daughter 1816 Member of the Royal Society 1819 Traveled to France with Herschel and met with important mathematicians. Gaspard de Prony will influence his later work on the D.E. 1820 Cofounder of the Astronomical Society, 1822 Publishing of functions of the Difference Engine and first operational model of the D.E. 1823 Construction of a full scale DE 1824 First and only attempt in fundraising by creating life expectancy tables for an insurance company 1827 Babbage's father (Benjamin Babbage), his second son and his wife all died in this year. 1828 Extended Europe tour, 1830 Second design of the Difference Engine 1832 Redesign of control mechanisms of the Difference Engine, 1833 Construction of DE ceased due to a financial based conflict between Babbage and the engineer Clement 18341837 The basic ideas for the Analytical Engine were formulated; later recognized as the foundations of the universal calculating machine 1836 Introduction of punched cards into the A.M. 1839 Babbage engaged into the dispute on the width of railroad tracks 18371840 Different designs of or changes to the A.M. were made 1840 Ada Lovelace starts to translate the public address of Luigi Menebrea on the A.E. and added notes 1846 Babbage wrote the ballet "Alethes and Iris" to get familiar with and study theater lighting. 1847 Construction work on the Analytical machine ends, but writing and explanations on the AE continued. 1848 The designs for Difference Engine No.2 were ready 1856/1857 Babbages suddenly continued the design of the Analytical Engine and started to produce experimental models of his AE ...1871 When his death occurred a model of a simple mill and printing mechanism was all that was made of this grand genius's idea of the AE Babbage died embittered in his home in London, UK
Honors and Awards Elected Fellow of the Royal Society  1816 First gold medal of the Astronomical Society of London

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