"... the most exciting time was June 1948 when the first machine
worked. Without question. Nothing could ever compare with that."
Tom Kilburn, Autumn 1992 (2)
Work on Radar at TRE Malvern Member of F.C. Williams' electronic
problem-solving group at TRE.
Williams-Kilburn Tube and the Baby
effective storage device for electronic computers (2048 bits
on a CRT)
||June "Baby", first
working electronic stored-program computer ("ESPC")
Manchester and Ferranti Mark 1s
design of Manchester Mark 1
Version working (first full-sized ESPC)
Manchester Mark 1 working (first ESPC with address registers
and two-level store) --
Ferranti Mark 1 delivered (first production ESPC).
Kilburn takes over leadership of computer development from
F.C. Williams. Computing Service started for wide range of
an independent service late 1960s).
and the Transistor Computer working
||Ffloating-point computer, MEG
||Expanded TC version (turned
into production MV950 in 1956). MEG becomes production Ferranti
project started; aim 1,000 times faster than Mark 1s. Massive
innovative effort moving from early '50s computer state to mid
'60s. Effort required on 3 fronts: hardware techniques, operating
systems and multi compiler production
||Ferranti joins project, renamed Atlas
||Atlas starts working
||Software fully working. Arguably
most powerful and sophisticated computer in the world. In
general the innovation matches simultaneous leading-edge projects
in US, but is carried out largely independent of them. Main unique
features Virtual Memory and (Brooker's) Compiler Compiler.
Department of Computer Science First UK (European?) Computer
machine with architecture dedicated to high-level language requirements.
1970 Makes major contribution to new
ICL 2900 series architecture.
||Working with major O/S and
compiler production system (under Derrick Morris) fully operational