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History of computing in Germany

 

editor Paul Stuijt

1623 - onwards

This chapter is a narrative on the higlights of historic computing events in Germany

Computing, in the sense of the main time line, in Germany started probably with the design of a calculator by Schickard.

Timeline

 

1623


Wilhelm Schickard

Schickard designs a calculator and describes this to Kepler in several letters.

 

 

Most important machines and inventions

GE = Germany GDR = German Democratic Republic (former east Germany)

Manufacturer Type Country Date Reference
Zuse Z1 GE 1938 RS2
Zuse Z2 GE 1939-04 RS2
Zuse Z3 GE 1941-12 RS2
Zuse S1 GE 1942 RS p47
Zuse S2 GE 1943 RS p47
Zuse Z4 GE 1944 BW 2
Zuse Z5 GE 1952 DP V5#3
Max Planck Institute G1 GE 1953 CACM 1961
Zuse Z11 GE 1954 DP V5#3
TH Darmstadt GERA GE 1955 CACM 1961
Max Planck Institute G2 GE 1955 CACM 1961
TH Munich PERM GE 1955 CACM 1961
Siemens 2002 GE 1956 DP V5#6
Zuse Z22 GE 1956 DP V5#3
Robotron DresGEn 1 (D1, D1-2) GDR 1956  
SEL+ ER-56 GE 1957  
Zuse Z22R GE 1958 PIRE JAN61
Siemens 4/7/02 GE 1959-06  
Zuse Z23 GE 1960 PAL p334
Robotron PRL GDR 1960  
AEG Telefunken TR-4 GE 1962 PAL p335
AEG Telefunken RAT 700 ( Ana.) GE 1962  
Zuse Z31 GE 1962-12 PAL p334
AEG Telefunken RA 800 (Ana) GE 1963  
AEG Telefunken RAT 740 (Ana) GE 1963  
Zuse Z25 GE 1963-04 PAL p335
Robotron R100 GDR 1963  
Siemens 3003 GE 1963-12  
AEG Telefunken TR-10 GE 1964-09 PAL p336
Siemens 4004 GE 1964  
Nixdorf 820 (820 P) GE 1964  
Siemens 303 GE 1965_04 PAL p337
Siemens 4004/15 GE 1965-10 PAL p337
Siemens 4004/25 GE 1965-10 PAL p337
Zuse Z32 GE 1966-01 PAL p337
CCD 516 GDR 1966-06 BW 393
Siemens 4004/45 GE 1966-06 PAL p338
Siemens 4004/55 GE 1966-12 PAL p338
Siemens 4004/35 GE 1967-02 PAL p338
Zuse Z26 GE 1967-05 PAL p338
AEG Telefunken TR-86 GE 1967-06 PAL p338
AEG Telefunken TR-440 (Mainframe GE 1967-06 PAL p338
Nixdorf 820 /20 GE 1967  
Siemens 302 GE 1967-09 PAL p339
Siemens 305 GE 1967-11 PAL p339
Siemens 304 GE 1968-06 PAL p339
Robotron R300 GDR 1968  
AEG Telefunken TR-84 GE 1968  
Nixdorf 820 /15 GE 1968  
Siemens 301 GE 1969 DP Jul72
Diehl Combitron S GE 1969  
Robotron R300 GDR 1970-05 C&I May70
Kienzle 6016 s GE 1970  
Siemens 320 GE 1971-07 DP Jul72
AEG Telefunken TR 4404 GE 1973  
Siemens 330 GE 1973  
Robotron EC 1040 GDR 1973-04  
Nixdorf 820 S GE 1973  
Nixdorf 880/55 GE 1973  
Nixdorf 8870 (-2,-4) GE 1974  
Nixdorf 6615 GE 1974  
Nixdorf 880/65 GE 1974  
Nixdorf 8870/-1 (Comet) GE 1974  
Siemens 310 GE 1974  
Siemens 4004/150 GE 1974  
AEG Telefunken 60/10 GE 1974  
AEG Telefunken CPF/3 (SBC) GE 1974  
ES-1040 GDR 1974 CS Jun78
Kienzle 6000 BTS GE 1974  
Kienzle 6100 GE 1974  
Kienzle 6600 GE 1975-04  
AEG Telefunken ATM 80 (20/40/60) GE 1975  
Siemens 4004/151 GE 1975  
Robotron KRS 4201 GDR 1975  
Robotron DARO 1602 GDR 1975  
Robotron DARO 1720 GDR 1975  
Robotron DARO 1840 GDR 1975  
Nixdorf 6600 GE 1975  
Nixdorf 8820 GE 1975-03  
Nixdorf 8830 (Firm, FAC, Mkc) GE 1975  
Nixdorf 8864 GE 1975  
Nixdorf 8870/-3 GE 1975  
Nixdorf 8870/-6 GE 1975  
Nixdorf 620 GE 1976  
Nixdorf 8409 GE 1976  
Nixdorf 8862, MoGEll 2 GE 1976  
Siemens 4004/45 GE 1976  
Siemens 340 GE 1976  
Hohner 620 M GE 1976-04  
Hohner 660 M GE 1976-04  
Hohner Dataket GE 1976-04  
Hohner HC 1 /101 GE 1976-04  
Hohner HC 1 /400 GE 1976-10  
Hohner HC 1 /700 GE 1976-10  
AEG Telefunken TR 445 DP GE 1976  
AEG Telefunken TR 540 GE 1976  
Robotron R 21 (Mainframe) GDR 1976  
Robotron DARO 1416 GDR 1976  
Kienzle 2000 GE 1976  
Kienzle 6600/-4, -6, -7, -8 GE 1976  
Kienzle EFAS (2000,2200) GE 1976  
Diehl DS 2000 GE 1977-03  
Diehl DS 3000 GE 1977-03  
Kienzle BGE 1620 GE 1977-03  
Kienzle 9066 GE 1977  
Robotron DARO 1750 GDR 1977  
Robotron K 1510 GDR 1977  
Robotron ZE 1 GDR 1977  
Siemens 48/04 GE 1977  
Siemens P7760 GE 1977  
U of Erlangen EGPA GE 1977 P89
Siemens 306 GE 1978  
Siemens 6600 GE 1978  
AEG Telefunken 80-20/2 GE 1978  
AEG Telefunken Telecomp 5200 GE 1978  
Kienzle 9066 GE 1978 CR90
Robotron 4000 GDR 1978  
Robotron A5201 GDR 1978  
Robotron A5203 GDR 1978  
Robotron DARO 1711 GDR 1978  
Robotron K 1520 GDR 1978  
Robotron PRS 4001 GDR 1978  
Robotron K 1001 GDR 1978  
Kienzle 1200 GE 1978  
Kienzle 3700 GE 1978  
Kienzle 5100 GE 1978  
Nixdorf 620/-25 GE 1978  
Nixdorf LK 3000 GE 1979  
Nixdorf 8850 GE 1979  
Nixdorf 8860 GE 1979  
Kienzle 9027 GE 1979  
Siemens 6100 GE 1979  
Robotron K 1002 GDR 1979  
Robotron K 1003 GDR 1979  
Diehl   GE 1979-03  
Kienzle 9055 GE 1980 CR90
Robotron A 6401 GDR 1980  
Robotron K 5103 GDR 1980  
Robotron K 5201 GDR 1980  
Robotron K 8924 GDR 1980  
Robotron EC 1055 GDR 1980  
Robotron K 1600 GDR 1980  
Kienzle 9055 (ABC computer) GE 1980  
Nixdorf 8890 GE 1980  
Kienzle 9066/90 GE 1981  
Kienzle 9010 GE 1981  
Robotron EC 1055 M GDR 1981  
Siemens 5500 GE 1981  
AEG Telefunken 80/30 GE 1981  
Nixdorf 8840/-3, -5 GE 1981  
Nixdorf 8860/-7, -10 GE 1981  
Nixdorf 8860/05 GE 1982 CR90
Nixdorf 8810 GE 1982  
Nixdorf 8860/10 GE 1982 CR90
Nixdorf 8860/40 GE 1982 CR90
Nixdorf 8890-1012 GE 1982 CR90
Nixdorf 8890-3032 GE 1982 CR90
Nixdorf 8890-5052 GE 1982 CR90
Nixdorf 8890-7072 GE 1982 CR90
AEG Telefunken Synfobase GE 1982  
Robotron MC 80 GDR 1982  
Kienzle 9022 GE 1982  
Kienzle 9033 GE 1982  
Kienzle 9044 GE 1982  
Kienzle 9066/KS GE 1982  
Kienzle 9077 GE 1982  
Kienzle 9088 GE 1982  
Robotron LC 80 (SBC) GDR 1983  
Nixdorf 8870/10 GE 1983 CR90
Nixdorf 8870/35 GE 1983 CR90
Nixdorf 8870/50 GE 1983 CR90
Kienzle 9033 GE 1983 CR90
Kienzle 9044 GE 1983 CR90
Kienzle 77 GE 1983 CR90
Nixdorf 8850 GE 1984 CR90
Nixdorf 8855/10 GE 1984 CR90
Nixdorf 8870/ GE 1984 CR90
Kienzle 9122 GE 1984 CR90
Kienzle 9133/9144 GE 1984 CR90
Kienzle 9155/9166 GE 1984 CR90
Kienzle 9177/9188 GE 1984 CR90
Parsytec SuperCluster GE 1987 P 231

 

 

Pioneers

 

Schickard, Wilhelm

 

Companies

 

 

 

Software developments

 

 

 

 

Other interesting developments

 

 

 

 

 

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Last Updated on 27 September, 2005 For suggestions please mail the editor in chief 




Footnotes & References

1 Paul Stuijt