editor Kamil Klimkiewicz
This chapter(5) is a narrative on the highlights of historic computing events in Poland
A group of Polish mathematicians create the worlds first electromechanical code cracker machine: "Bomba" (3)
This machine is designed to crack the German Enigma code. Polish engineers were way ahead of the British who thankfully accepted the sharing of knowledge on the machine's technology
December - Formation of the Mathematical Apparatus Group (GAM - Grupa Aparatow Matematycznych) and is based at the Mathematical Institute in Warsaw. Head - Henryk Graniewski.
Work starts on creating the ultrasonic mercury memory (Romuald Marczynski) the project will be finished in 1953
Establishment of Telecommunication Construction and Radio Broadcasting
Cathedra (43) at the Warsaw University of Technology
Activation of the first analogue machine ARR (Analyzer of Differential Equations) at GAM
Establishment of the Calculation Laboratory at the Institute of Nuclear Research - head Marek Greniewski
The GAM changes its name into ZAM - Zaklad Aparatow Matematycznych - Laboratory of Mathematical Apparatus, of the Polish Academy of Sciences. (Polska Akademia Nauk-PAN) Head - R. Marczynski and later Leon Lukaszewicz.
ZAM computer is designed by PAN ( previously GAM )
fully digital machine XYZ launched in ZAM PAN
Establishment of Institute of Programs and Calculations in ZAM PAN
Transformation PO IBJ PAN in a Calculation Center (OO) IBJ PAN
of Institute of Experimental Production of Mathematical Machines by ZAM
of Elwro Electronic Industrial Plant in Wroclaw (2); head
- Marian Tarnkowski
Transformation of OO IBJ PAN into Institute of Applied Mathematics IBJ PAN, head - Mieczyslaw Warmus
Construction of prototype UMC 1 by Warsaw Polytechnic(1)
Formation of Calculations Center at PAN - head - M.Warmus
Activation of Odra 1001, first digital machine built by ZE Elwro.
Production starts of 25 UMS 1 digital machines by Elwro; production continued until 1964
Renaming the ZAM into Institute of Mathematical Machines (IMM) PAN.
Formation of the Numerical Methods Department (KMN) at Wroclaw University
Installation of the English computer - Elliott 803. At Wroclav University, head - Stefan Paszkowski.
Procurement of computer Ural 2 for a CO PAN
is renamed into Experimental Unit (ZD) IMM PAN
Establishment of specialized mathematical machines at the Department of Communication Wroclaw(2) Polytechnic
Establishment at the Warsaw University of Technology Cathedra(4) of Mathematical Machines Construction and Experimental Unit in this cathedra from Cathedra of Communication and Radio broadcasting constructions and
Establishment at the Warsaw University of Technology of Cathedra of Electronics and Technology - head A. Kilinski
Establishment in Wroclaw Polytechnic Cathedra of Digital Machines Construction. Head - Jerzy Bromirski
Establishment of Numeric Calculation Unit at the Warsaw University, where the Danish computer GIER is installed , head Stanislaw Turski.
of ZETO ( Zakladów Elektronicznej Techniki Obliczeniowej) in all
larger cities in Poland
Activation of the UMC 10 machine, a transistorized version of UMC 1
Serial production of Odra 1204 starts at the ZE Elwro factories
An agreement is signed between the firms ICL and Elwro for the production of compatible ICL 1904 machines at the Elwro plant
Preparations starts at the Elwro factory for the production of machines with an uniform system, based on IBM's approach for standardization.
Establishment of National Informatics and Informatics Unification Office
The National Information System is starting its activities
of the Institute of Informatics at Warsaw University,
Wroclaw University and Warsaw University of Technology
|ES||1040||PL / GRD||1972|
Abraham; (1769 - 1842)
SAKO (polish FORTRAN)
|Last Updated on September 27, 2005||For suggestions please mail the editor in chief|
Footnotes & References
|2||formerly known as: Breslau|
|3||Andrew Hodges; Alan Turing, the Enigma; pp 170 - 180|
|4||Cathedra = a unit at the university, a part of Department, in Poland|
|5||A part of this timeline is based on the timeline displayed at: http://www.mimuw.edu.pl/POP-NAUK/hist-inf.html, translated by G. Juszczyk|